Interpretations of Heart of Darkness Dissertation

In Conrad's 1902 novella Cardiovascular system of Darkness, there are several ways of interpreting Marlow's journey over the Congo Riv. Marlow's voyage is representational and metaphoric, and hence could be interpreted psychoanalytically, mythically and historically. A psychoanalytical studying involves examining Marlow's voyage in the light of Freud's and Nietzsche's understanding of humanity's inner psyche. A mythological understanding reverberates on the storyline, such that Marlow engages over a heroic search for find his holy grail. Furthermore the text could be examined historically, as a depiction of the colonial time enterprise plus the rhetoric that it stood intended for. Hence all three interpretations will be valid and depict Marlow's symbolic trip through story techniques such as frame story, metaphor, meaning, setting and irony.

A psychoanalytical comprehension of Marlow's trip stems from the philosophical advancements of Freud and Nietzsche in their catalogs The Interpretations of Dreams (1899) and Thus Spoke Zarathustra (1883). Freud's ideas include the notion that dreams will be the gateway for deep man subconsciousness. In Heart of Darkness it is usually said that Marlow's physical voyage to Kurtz is systematic of his own mental journey to understand his very own inner id. This becomes easily apparent through the dream-like nature of Marlow's quest in, " Going up to this river was like travelling to the earliest beginnings of the world, the moment vegetarian rioted on the earth and the big trees had been the nobleman. ”, indicating through hyperbolic simile that man's identity is classic and hidden within the metaphoric " inexplicable forest” of the conscious head. This identification is what Kurtz comes to represent, emphasising mans inner savagery, brutality, lust and wants which are repressed by culture. Hence Freud suggests through Conrad's novel that, when ever unrestrained, the unconscious wishes of guy become fact. This idea supports Nietzsche's Übermensch, that is, one who gives up...

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